Foetal Surgery

Fetal surgery, also known as antenatal surgery or prenatal surgery, is a specialized field of medicine that involves the surgical treatment of congenital abnormalities in a fetus while it is still in the pregnant uterus. This type of surgery is typically not covered by private medical insurance policies, as it is considered experimental and not considered medically necessary for most cases.

There are several different types of fetal surgery, including open fetal surgery, which involves completely opening the uterus to operate on the fetus; minimally invasive fetoscopic surgery, which uses small incisions and is guided by fetoscopy and sonography; and percutaneous fetal therapy, which involves placing a catheter under continuous ultrasound guidance.

Due to the complex and specialized nature of fetal surgery, it requires expertise in multiple medical fields, including obstetrics, pediatrics, and surgery. It also requires extensive training and specialized equipment, which can be costly.

In some cases, fetal surgery may be considered if it is the only option to save the life of the fetus or mother, or if it is likely to significantly improve the quality of life for the child after birth. However, it is important to note that the risks and benefits of fetal surgery must be carefully weighed before making a decision to proceed with the procedure.